American International Journal of Social Science

ISSN 2325-4149(Print), ISSN 2325-4165(Online) DIO: 10.30845/aijss

Community Participation Model in the Formation of Regency/City Regulation in Education Sector in Central Java
Agus Suprijanto; Prof. Dr. Jamal Wiwoho, SH., M.Hum; Dr.Djoko Wahju Winarno, SH.,MS

The effort to achieve the education vision with high quality and extensive coverage is needed a consistent policy so that the quality of education can be achieved. Law No. 20 Year 2003 on National Education System ensures educational opportunities, improving quality and relevance and efficiency of education management. In order to implement educational autonomy regency / municipal government has the authority to establish rules and regulations to be able to manage basic education and secondary education, as well as the educational unit local excellence based, which is regulated by Law No. 23 of 2014 on Regional Government. Meanwhile, related to the establishment of the legislation itself, the Law No. 12 Year 2011 states that community participation is the embodiment of democracy that must be considered and implemented, so that any educational policy in the regions should always be determined based on the aspirations of the people in the region itself. The research approach used in this study is the juridical sociological method or socio-legal research. The study concluded that: 1. as a legal product, regional regulations in education cannot fully accommodate the principle of public participation in the process of formation of the education regulations, 2. The main problem in the formation of local regulations in education because of low public participation both in the process of election the aspirations and the process of internal discussion of regulation of education in local government and in the parliament, beside that, there are also problems in the implementation and evaluation of the education regulations, 3. there are five things to consider to realize the process of establishing regulations of participative education, among others : 1) Publication of draft the effective education regulations ; 2) assurance the procedure, open and effective forum for the community to be involved in overseeing the planning process; 3) procedures to ensure the public where can submit a draft Regional Regulation; 4) clear regulations on the basis of documents which must be available and freely accessible to the public; and 5) guarantees of appeal to the public if the process of establishing the Regional Regulation is not done in a participatory manner. Community participation model in the establishment of a regulatory area must be able to ensure that the public has broad access related to material from the draft regulation to be issued, as well as the assurance that can be imposed that the public has a right to follow the discussion of draft local regulations both by Parliament and by government. There must be certainty that the aspirations of the people as a result of the aspiration process will be used as inputs are prioritized as material in regulatory policy area which would be formed.

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