Autistic Spectrum Disorder: The Development of Semantical Memory by Means of the Creation of Cognitive Nodes
Manuel Ojea Rúa Summary The present paper shows a study which analyses the perceptive-cognitional process that affects particularly people who suffer from autism spectrum disorder, which is characterized by limitations concerning the spontaneous creation of meaningful marks in the memory, which happens to severely complicate the semantical recovery of the information. The data found in this study’s analysis, carried out by means of an almost experimental methodology, of two groups, the experimental one (N: 17) and a control group (N: 22), come to the conclusion that the participants within the experimental group, which has been applied a semantical development integrated program, which includes the facilitator keys of the contents’ construction, obtain significant improvements in memory tasks with semantical components of information, in relation with the control group, which has been applied the same program, but without the support of the relations and nexus which have been mentioned above. To conclude, it can be deduced that the educative programs which are applied should keep in mind in a specific way the inclusion of relations, nexus, nodes or keys among the informative units, which have to become, in turn, in learning contents, with the aim of making easier the cognitional development, by the extension of the map of cognitional nets.
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