American International Journal of Social Science

ISSN 2325-4149(Print), ISSN 2325-4165(Online) DIO: 10.30845/aijss

Trafficking of Women and Children in Nigeria: A Critical Approach
Dr. Dagaci Aliyu Manbe

Trafficking in human beings though is defined differently by different individuals. However, is one out of Transborder crimes which represent a number of illegal and notorious’ human trading activities carried out by individuals or groups across notional and international borders, either for financial or economic benefits or for sociological cam religious considerations? Trafficking in human beings, especially women and girls, is not new, historically it has taken many farms, hut in the context of globalization, it has acquired shocking new dimensions. It is a complex, multi-faceted phenomenon involving multiple stake holders at the institutional and commercial level. It is a demand driven global business with a huge market for cheap labour and commercial sex confronting often insufficient or unexercised policy framework or trained personnel to prevent it. The persistence of harmful cultural practices, the growth of the rich and influence of organized crime and lack of young women and children to sexual and force labour exploitation required concerted and constant attention Nigeria has acquired a reputation for being one of’ the leading African countries in human trafficking with cross-border and trafficking. This research work attributed reasons to the institutionalized violation of human rights and severe political, social and economic crises due to decades of military regimes in Nigeria, poverty also led to drive for better life either pushed or pulled women, girl or child to the mare vulnerable to trafficking. Nigeria ratified tile UN protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons’ and by enacted trafficking in persons (prohibition) law enforcement and administration Act 2003, established an office of National Agency for the Prohibition of trafficking in persons, media houses campaigns against the act and many awareness raising activities. Despites this initiatives, human trafficking remains a critical problem in Nigeria. There is a continuing need for further ratification and implementation of international legislation along with the use of nation legal tools currently available to fight against trafficking in human beings. It is on this note, that this research examined agencies, NGOs and individual trafficking, in human beings it is on this note, that this research examined the causes of human trafficking, the extent, patterns and frequencies, more so, government agencies, NGOs and individual effort to curb the menace and the challenges confronting the campaign against trafficking in persons.

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